In psychology, Self-interest is often related to the concept of self-concept, which is the image we have of ourselves. Self-concept consists of three components: self-image, ideal self, and Self-esteem. Self-image is how we see ourselves at the present moment, ideal self is who we want to be, and Self-esteem is how much we value ourselves. When there is a match between our self-image and our ideal self, we have a congruent self-concept. When there is a mismatch, we have an incongruent self-concept. Self-interest can affect our self-concept by influencing how we perceive our traits, roles, and goals. It can also affect how we compare ourselves to others and how we cope with challenges and feedback.
Free will is a philosophical concept that refers to the ability of human beings to make decisions or perform actions independently of any prior event or state of the universe. In this article, we will discuss it's meaning and philosophical traditions.