The Validity of Cognition (VOC) scale is a measure of how strongly a person believes in their thoughts or beliefs. It is often used in Cognitive therapy to assess the degree of conviction that a person has in their negative or dysfunctional cognitions. The scale ranges from 0 (completely unbelievable) to 100 (completely believable). A higher VOC score indicates a stronger belief in one’s cognition, which may make it more difficult to challenge or modify.
Free will is a philosophical concept that refers to the ability of human beings to make decisions or perform actions independently of any prior event or state of the universe. In this article, we will discuss it's meaning and philosophical traditions.