Cognitive distortions are irrational or exaggerated thoughts that affect how we feel and behave. They can lead to Negative emotions, such as Anxiety, anger, or Depression. Some common examples of Cognitive distortions are: all-or-nothing thinking, overgeneralizing, filtering, disqualifying the positive, jumping to conclusions, magnifying or minimizing, emotional reasoning, should statements, labelling, and personalization.
Free will is a philosophical concept that refers to the ability of human beings to make decisions or perform actions independently of any prior event or state of the universe. In this article, we will discuss it's meaning and philosophical traditions.